There are different types of vitamins, and they are necessary for the regulation of various organs of the human body. If you are pregnant, the expert will recommend you to consume the following essential vitamins during pregnancy.
Fat-soluble vitamin- The essential vitamins during pregnancy
Vitamin A can promote tissue growth and development, and protect you from a disease like skin mucosa. It maintains normal vision and ensures postpartum milk secretion. If vitamin A deficiency may cause night blindness. Therefore, women should increase the intake of vitamin A during pregnancy, so that the fetus can store a certain amount of vitamin A in the body to prepare for various needs after birth.
Since vitamin A is fat-soluble, it is best to fry the plant foods for easy absorption by the body. Foods rich in vitamin A include egg yolks, carrots, pumpkins, butter, etc., and pregnant women can eat more.
Vitamin A should not be consumed in excessive amount because it promotes brain development which can lead to adverse consequences. From 1960 to 1964, 20 children in New York City have poisoned with vitamin A. The reason was that their mother thought that eating more vitamin A would beneficial to the child’s mental development, and a large amount of vitamin A was given to the child, resulting in vitamin A hyperactivity.
In 1975, an Englishman also poisoned by taking too many vitamins A capsules. Hence, pregnant women should not consume a large amount of vitamin A.
Vitamin D is an indispensable element in bone formation and development. Its primary function is to promote the growth of bones and teeth and absorption of calcium and phosphorus.
Vitamin D deficiency can cause rickets. Insufficient intake of vitamin D in pregnant women can affect the structure and growth rate of fetal bones, and this effect is not easy to treat after the birth of the fetus. So, the pregnant women should give special attention to vitamin D intake during pregnancy.
Foods rich in vitamin D include butter, dried fish, white radish, and dried mushrooms.
Vitamin E is the most crucial vitamins during pregnancy. It protects the cell membrane and prevents the oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids. It can prevent the deterioration of brain cells. If there is sufficient content in the body, it can maintain the vitality of the brain.
Vitamin E can also enhance fertility, prevent abortion, premature birth, prevent ageing, and promote fetal growth and development. If the pregnant woman lacks vitamin E, it will affect the brain function of the fetus, causing dysfunction and weakening of brain activity, resulting in less intelligence after birth. Vitamin E deficiency also causes adverse effects such as muscle atrophy and abnormal fetal development.
Water-soluble vitamins can be dissolved in water and easily absorbed by the body, but they are also easily damaged. It includes vitamin B and vitamin C.
Vitamin C is a bond between cells that have multiple functions in the human body that helps the blood absorb and transport iron to promote blood regeneration. It repairs the tissues and heals the wounds; it can activate the phagocytosis of white blood cells and enhance resistance from diseases.
Vitamin C can also play a role in improving brain function during fetal brain development. A study has confirmed that the human brain is the place with the most vitamin C in the human body. Pregnant women should consume enough vitamin C to improve fetal intelligence.
In pregnant women, deficiency of vitamin C can affect natural growth and development of fetal. Therefore, it is crucial for pregnant women to consume enough vitamin c for fetal development.
Furthermore, vitamin B is also a crucial vitamin for pregnancy. It includes vitamin B, vitamin B2, niacin (vitamin B3), vitamin B6, vitamin B12, etc., which have a wide range of influence on the human body. Many nutritionists believe that vitamin B has a direct effect on the functioning of the human brain. Its purpose is to promote brain activity by absorbing protein.
Many studies have shown that women lacking vitamin B during pregnancy can cause fetal mental disorders, making newborns crying, restless, and irritated after birth. Specifically, vitamin B can promote the metabolism of carbohydrates, increase appetite, and help digestion and absorption.
In pregnant women, a lack of vitamin B can cause oedema, beriberi, polyneuritis and other diseases. It can also cause miscarriage, premature birth and neonatal congenital beriberi.
Cereals, beans, yeast, hawthorn, and peanuts are all rich in vitamin B1. During pregnancy, pregnant women only need to eat a variety of staple foods, especially some coarse grains, which generally do not cause vitamin B1 deficiency.
Vitamin B2 promotes milk secretion and is an essential component of a body’s coenzyme- the non-protein compound that is necessary for the functioning of an enzyme.
In pregnant women, lack of vitamin B2 can cause premature birth and stillbirth. Additionally, it can lead to stomatitis and skin damage.
Vitamin B2 deficiency can lead to pernicious anaemia and decrease body’s capacity to fight against harmful bacteria. Therefore, pregnant women should take more foods rich in vitamin B2.