Loss of libido

Couple wearing underwear enjoying sexual foreplay

Loss of Libido: Hypoactive sexual desire disorder

Loss of Libido or Hypoactive sexual desire disorder is a condition characterised by a decrease in desire for sexual activity or loss of sexual fantasies.

Loss of libido is more common in women than in Men. It can occur at any age, regardless of gender. Even men around the age of 30 frequently complain of loss of libido, accompanied by a series of secondary symptoms, including emotional problems and even physical symptoms.

Loss of libido

Loss of Libido causes

  1. Emotions

When people are in a bad mood, especially in extreme sadness, fear, depression and hopelessness, their sexual desires partially or completely declines. In such situations, the partner’s primary step is to help him or her to eliminate bad emotions. During such a condition, you should not have sex, it will lead to sexual indifference and can create problems in your marital relationship.

  1. Nutrition

Lack of essential elements such as protein and zinc can cause sexual dysfunction, especially in men. On the contrary, adequate and comprehensive nutrition, especially eating foods containing high-quality protein, multi-vitamins and zinc can maintain or improve your sexual function.

  1. Tobacco & Alcohol

Long-term or chain-smoking causes erectile dysfunction than non-smokers. Alcohol abuse can affect and reduce your sexual fantasies. Excessive drinking can cause dilation of blood vessels, which reduces blood flow to the penis.  However, the effects of smoking and drinking on sexual functions are reversible. Most human sexual function restores to normal levels after smoking and drinking.

    4. Drugs

Intake of an excessive amount of a drug or medicine can cause sexual dysfunction or Hypoactive sexual desire disorder in male and female. There are many types of drugs that affect sexual function. Among them, Reserpine, Rauvolfia, Propranolol, Chlorpromazine, Antidepressants, and antineoplastic drug (Anti-cancer drugs). If you receive radiation therapy for a long time, it can also decrease your libido.

  1. Season & temperature

In winter and spring season when the temperature is cold, most people have strong sexual desires. On the contrary, during summer sexual fantasies temporarily goes down.

  1. Age

Age is a significant factor affecting sexual desire. Men have a strong sexual desire after puberty and begin to weaken at 30 to 40 years old. The woman’s sexual desire gradually decreases after menopause and starts weakening significantly around their 50’s.

  1. Health

The impact of health on sexual desire is both important and complex. Those who are physically and mentally healthy can maintain a high level of sexual desire for a long time. However, there are some people with chronic diseases who also maintain strong sexual desires.

Diagnostic points

It is often difficult to identify the biological and psychosocial causes of loss of libido.  Sexologist and psychiatrist apply various clinical diagnostic methods, but cannot perform accurate experimental measurements. In general, loss of libido is psychosocial.

Loss of libido treatment method

The treatment for loss of libido depends on its cause. Using psychotherapy and concentration training gives good results. One need to actively treat the primary conditions first such as depression and drug abuse if the loss of libido caused by it.

Psychotherapy and emotional concentration training

People use this method to get good results. But sexologist considers the following points before proceeding further.

  1. Determine whether the patient has motivation for treatment. If the person does not have any interest to receive treatment, the treatment will not work at all, or it can be counterproductive.
  2. When starting treatment, sexologist tries to find out the cause. If the reason is unknown, treatment methods will change based on current changes in attitude, desire or behaviour. 
  3. Sexologist focus of treatment is to improve the relationship between husband and wife, rather than pointing out who is “healthy” and who is “ill.”
  4. Treatment starts from many aspects, promotes patient communication and discusses the autonomy of sexual activities. Pays attention to the exchange of feelings, does not regard sexual arousal or sexual intercourse as the purpose of training and encourages the formation of natural relationships that both parties can initiate sexual activities.

Drug treatment

  1. There are currently no clear drugs that can significantly improve sexual desire. If there is a clear clinical manifestation and only if there are low testosterone levels in men, sexologist prescribes androgen and an anabolic steroid such as Testosterone undecanoate.

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